greek word meaning study

Vine writes that apolutrosis is... a strengthened form of No. Procedures for Discovering the Meaning of a Sentence. Performing a Greek word study is not as complicated as it looks so do not be intimidated. An example of an interpretive question pertaining to a prepositional phrase is in Ephesians 1:4: Should "in love" go with verse 4 or with verse 5? Should you feel lost in such works, you may want to simply consult Vine's Expository Dictionary which does on occasion include selected OT words in the more recent editions. The story in Genesis 1 & 2 concludes with the account of the creation of adam, which the Septuagint translates with the Greek word anthropos. This table shows you many roots to help you decipher words you hear in biology class. By the way did you observe the cross references (Mk 10:45; Mt 20:28)? Write down the Hebrew words most often translated by the Greek word under study, along with any illustrations from non-metaphorical examples. of''. a. Contextual form - Greek words may have various prefixes or suffixes, so the spelling may differ slightly in different contexts. Fortunately, this is relatively simple to do (see V.). 4. It is a branch of grammar. c. Finally, write out a couple of sentences of what the term means in this particular paragraph or text. (Step 6), Insights from Definition of the English Word in This can be done through Young's or Strong's Concordances, the Word Study New Testament (WSNT), or you may use a Hebrew or Greek Interlinear. b. Etymology. . . g. But the genitive case in which "the apostles and prophets" occurs could be a possessive genitive (the Ephesians had the same foundation the apostles and prophets had), or subjective (the foundation they laid), or appositional (the foundation which consists of the apostles and prophets). Verses, Look up the following verses and for each verse write the number for the definition that best describes the meaning of the word "salvation" or "saved" in that verse. These are the verses you will want to look up for your word study. 3) For this reason, the fastest way to look up a discussion is to use the Greek word index at the end of Volume 3. a) Look up the transliterated form of the Greek word (i.e., the form written in English letters), which you got from the back of Strong's. 6. And by this word you shall prolong your days in the land... Psalm 12:6-note The words of the LORD are pure words; As silver tried in a furnace on the earth, refined seven times. ancient Greek root word as -ology or -logy meaning ''the study The Greek word, which is translated as faith, is pistis (noun) and believe, is translated from pistevo (verb). For example using the information from Step 1 observe each use of apolutrosis in the NAS version: Ro 3:24 teaches us that redemption "is in Christ Jesus," (so here redemption speaks of our justification, our past redemption). d. The singular "seed" in contrast to the plural "seeds" is important in Paul's argument in Galatians 3:16. e. In Ephesians 2:8 the gender is important in determining what the word "that" (which is the gift of God) refers to. Yet...the meaning of a word is determined by the context surrounding that word. b. ; Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1975-78). 2. everywhere in the N. T. metaphorically, viz. B. Clauses - A clause is a grammatical unit of words comprised of a subject and predicate (e.g., "the blood ... cleanses," "Christ died," "who has qualified us," "so that you may walk"). And so we might read it as " being justified as a gift by His grace through the [release, deliverance or liberation effected by paying a ransom] which is in Christ Jesus.". (See Jeffrey L. Townsend, "The Rapture in Revelation 3:10," Bibliotheca Sacra 137 [July 1981: 252-66.). I am bought, but not with gold; . Thus the one who will make a covenant with many is the Antichrist (the view of premillennialism), not Christ (the view of amillennialism). ABBOTT-SMITH MANUAL - GREEK LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. Enter either the English word (redemption), Strong's Number (629) or the Greek word (apolutrosis). Winer 's Grammar, 187 (176)); deliverance from the hatred and persecutions of enemies by the return of Christ from heaven, Simple Guide to Greek Verb Tense, Voice, Mood, discussion below regarding the importance of context, Grasping God's Word A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible - J. Scott Duvall, J. Daniel Hays, Understanding and Applying the Bible - Robertson McQuilkin, The Complete Word Study Dictionary New Testament, Winer's A Grammar of the New Testament Greek, Synonyms of the Old Testament Their Bearing on Christian Faith and Practice (online), Bible 405: Hermeneutics: The Study of the Interpretation of Scriptures (click for Pdf of the entire study), They are substitutes for nouns and refer to persons or things named or understood. If you are up to it, you might try building up a list of the many ways in which up is used.. b). The solution is to do some comparative work, after you have done the technical work and see how your conclusions line up with theirs. A very complete tool for the Old Testament is the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, edited by R. L. Harris, G. L. Archer, Jr., and B. K. Waltke (2 vols. 2. In Colossians 1:14 we again see that Paul closely links redemption with the forgiveness of sins. Like individual pieces of a puzzle, words bring the larger picture to life. SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES IN GRAMMATICAL INTERPRETATION (goto VI), HERMENEUTICS AND THE GRAMMATICAL INTERPRETATION. For example, in Isaiah 1:14 the order is object, verb, subject, thus stressing the object: "Your new moon festivals and your appointed feasts I (literally, my soul) hate.". (Grasping God's Word A Hands-On Approach), WEB TOOLS FOR PERFORMING Irving Jensen emphasizes the importance of word studies writing that "Just as a great door swings on small hinges, so the important theological statements of the Bible often depend upon even the smallest words, such as prepositions and articles (Ed: See example below using the simple adverb "up") (Enjoy Your Bible). Sometimes seeing the component parts of a word helps determine its meaning. FORMS OF WORDS (MORPHOLOGY) & FUNCTIONS OF WORDS (PARTS OF SPEECH) (goto IV), V. RELATIONSHIPS OF WORDS (SYNTAX) (goto V), VI. The immediate context. Clicking on these root words can give insights into the meaning of the word you are studying. I am redeemed, but not with silver, c. The word "law" has several meanings, which can be ascertained from the way it is used in the sentence. The way the writer uses the word--not its etymology--tells the reader what he means by it. Not knowing the meaning of certain words in a passage of Scripture can be compared to the frustrating discovery that you don’t have all the pieces to your puzzle. Sentences, as to their purposes, may be as follows: A statement: to assert a fact, opinion, complaint, emotion, observation, etc. In summary, Greek and Hebrew word studies are vitally important in order for us to glean the full meaning of God's Word, but they must be performed with a sense of "reverence and awe" lest one derive a meaning which is not what the Spirit intended in a given passage. Because several modern languages share some of the same ancestor languages, it's not entirely uncommon for several related languages to share root words . Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb; The definition is too generic to permit us to conform all usages to the same applied meaning. "In them you also once walked, when you were living in them" (Colossians 3:7). Redeemed my song shall be, Robertson's Greek Word Study. 4) 2 Peter 2:7-8. the word retains the sense of ransom, v. ICC, Romans 3:24, Westc., He., 297 ff. In the case of redemption, Vincent has 37 results, so as with Robertson, you will need to take some time to discern which entries are most useful to your word study. Therefore there is one foundation consisting of both apostles and prophets, not two foundations. Now take the insights you have gleaned and practice re-phrasing the verse by substituting some of the definitions/insights you have gleaned from the above steps. Nor riches of earth could have saved my poor soul; This word study examines the New Testament usages of the Greek term basanizo (torment) as it … Basanizo: A Word Study on this Greek Term for Torment. This can be translated "to be sensible" (NASB), "to be self-controlled" (NIV), to "be sober-minded" (NKJV). When searching a sermon or long documents where the specific term you are studying is not readily visible, utilize the "Find" feature of Internet Explorer. When performing Greek word studies, it is imperative to pay close attention to the context in which the word is used, lest we arrive at meaning of the word that was not intended by the Spirit. STEP 2: DETERMINE VINE'S LEXICON DEFINITION, Explanation: Vine's lexicon is the old "classic stand-by" but keep in mind that as with any lexicon, the definitions have some "interpretative bias.". With some practice and reliance on your Teacher, the Spirit, you can see from the context how the word is "defined.". 5:13 we know that moraino means "to be tasteless" and not "to become foolish" (as in Ro 1:22), because of its grammatical relation to "salt" in the text. The New Testament was written entirely in Greek. (See discussion below regarding the importance of context) Otherwise you might misinterpret the passage. Using the Septuagint (Lxx), Girdlestone explains the relation of the Hebrew word to the corresponding Greek word in the NT. It is used of. 1; (b) the deliverance of the people of God at the coming of Christ with His glorified saints, "in a cloud with power and great glory," Luke 21:28 , a "redemption" to be accomplished at the "outshining of His Parousia," 2 Thessalonians 2:8 , i.e., at His second advent; (c) forgiveness and justification, "redemption" as the result of expiation, deliverance from the guilt of sins, Romans 3:24 , "through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus;" Ephesians 1:7 , defined as "the forgiveness of our trespasses," RV; so Colossians 1:14 , "the forgiveness of our sins," indicating both the liberation from the guilt and doom of sin and the introduction into a life of liberty, "newness of life" (Romans 6:4 ); Hebrews 9:15 , "for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first covenant," RV, here "redemption of" is equivalent to "redemption from," the genitive case being used of the object from which the "redemption" is effected, not from the consequence of the transgressions, but from the transgressions themselves; (d) the deliverance of the believer from the presence and power of sin, and of his body from bondage to corruption, at the coming (the Parousia in its inception) of the Lord Jesus, Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 1:14; 4:30 . The Bible was originally written in three languages. Root word 'bio' means 'life,' suffix means 'the study of.' For example enter "redeem" or "redemption" in the Search box (Search results open in a new window), Choose Book of Bible to StudyGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Search Wikipedia using spiritual discretion, "deliverance" from physical torture, Hebrews 11:35 , see. As discussed Greek is far more exacting than English and often has several words that may be translated with one English word. The answer is the latter because the phrase "of God" in Greek is in the genitive (possessive) case. We open up a store in the morning and close it up at night. Matthew 4:4 "It is written, 'MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT ON EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.'". One of my favorite Spurgeon quotes related to the Word of God - It is blessed to eat into the very soul of the Bible until, at last, you come to talk in scriptural language, and your spirit is flavored with the words of the Lord, so that your blood is 'bibline' and the very essence of the Bible flows from you. The context of the entire Bible (the analogy of faith). The death of my Savior now maketh me whole. The second verb "fall short" is in the present tense and should be rendered "are continually coming short" or "come short" (Dana and Glaze, Interpreting the New Testament, pp. That is, more than one word in the original languages can be translated by the same English word. the deliverance of the people of God at the coming of Christ with His glorified saints, "in a cloud with power and great glory," Luke 21:28 , a "redemption" to be accomplished at the "outshining of His Parousia," 2 Thessalonians 2:8 , i.e., at His second advent; forgiveness and justification, "redemption" as the result of expiation, deliverance from the guilt of sins, Romans 3:24 , "through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus;" Ephesians 1:7 , defined as "the forgiveness of our trespasses," RV; so Colossians 1:14 , "the forgiveness of our sins," indicating both the liberation from the guilt and doom of sin and the introduction into a life of liberty, "newness of life" (Romans 6:4 ); Hebrews 9:15 , "for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first covenant," RV, here "redemption of" is equivalent to "redemption from," the genitive case being used of the object from which the "redemption" is effected, not from the consequence of the transgressions, but from the transgressions themselves; the deliverance of the believer from the presence and power of sin, and of his body from bondage to corruption, at the coming (the Parousia in its inception) of the Lord Jesus, Romans 8:23; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 1:14; 4:30 . Original Word: μελετάω. Until you know the meaning of certain words, you will not be able to grasp the meaning of the whole passage. Second, we need a way to determine which word in the original languages is being used. Greek words for study include μελέτη, σπουδή, διάβασμα, μελετώ, σπουδαστήριο and σπουδάζω. Thus "the meaning of any particular element is nearly always controlled by what precedes and what follows" (Mickelsen, Interpreting the Bible, p. 100). 2. MORE ON ORIGINAL How then are we to understand the words church in the wilderness" in Acts 7:38? 1. Note that Young's already lists words in groups according to which Hebrew / Aramaic / Greek word is used. "Husbands, love your wives, and do not be embittered against them" (Colossians 3:19). Look up the English word in Strong's. Psalm 107:20-note He sent His word and healed them, And delivered them from their destructions. d. "In the last days" (and "the last hour") is often assumed to refer to the same period of time. . If there is an entry in the Baker's Evangelical Dictionary (and there is one for Redeem, Redemption) it is an excellent resource. Select words which are repeated or which emerge as motifs. As you do your word studies on verbs you will find that the Tense/Voice/Mood can be very enlightening. I would recommend entering Strong's Number. (Source for word studies: Moulton and Milligan [M&M].) (< ἀπολυτρόω , to release on payment of ransom, cf. For Hebrew words put a zero in front of the Strong's Number), For help understanding the Tenses - See also Simple Greek Chart. An excellent example is the the English word servant which in some versions translates up to seven different Greek words, each with a slightly different meaning. Click for a list of over 2000 in depth definitions of Greek words on this website including many of the more common Greek words. The Old Testament was written primarily in Hebrew, with Aramaic (a closely related language) being used to write parts of Daniel, Ezra, and a verse in Jeremiah. IV. The parts of speech refer to the function of words in a sentence. For example, "in Christ" is at the beginning of Ephesians 2:13 and thus is emphasized. 3. It was reserved for you at a point in time in the past when you first believed in Jesus for Redemption and it is a permanent reservation (i.e., your salvation is "eternally secure"). LIDDELL-SCOTT-JONES' DEFINITION -  Here is the definition of apolutrosis. What does "faith" mean in each of these verses? p. The conjunctions "for" and "therefore" are important in in-terpretation. You can often glean very helpful insights by examining the basic Strong's and Vine's definitions, a maneuver that can be performed quickly using the Reference Search page. Don't let that confuse you. God did not set men right out of hand with nothing done about men‘s sins. or "to be temperate" (NKJV). The meaning of these two words is similar but not identical. (The imperfect expresses incomplete action.) 7. Study English sentences if you are reading the Bible in English, not Greek words. So if I say "trunk", what pops into your mind? Single words by themselves seldom convey a complete thought. b. The noun philosophy means the study of proper behavior, and the search for wisdom. Purpose: "We pray for you ... so that you may walk. 152-53). The personal presence of individuals (1Cor 16:17; 2Cor 7:6-7;10:10; Phil 1:26; 2:12). A similar tool for the New Testament is the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, edited by Colin Brown (4 vols. "Epaphras (is) always laboring earnestly for you in his prayers that you may stand perfect" (Colossians 4:12). Finally, one of the most satisfying benefits of carrying out Word Studies is that you will discover truth for yourself and as any INDUCTIVE BIBLE STUDY student will testify, there is no joy like the joy of Spirit taught, self-discovery in the study of God's Word. 2. ; of Nebuchadnezzar's recovery, LXX (Septuagint (Lxx)) Daniel 4:30 c; in NT, redemption, Romans 3:24,al. On the other hand "grace" is followed by a parenthesis which gives a simple definition of grace. meletaó: to care for, practice, study. FORMS OF WORDS (MORPHOLOGY) AND FUNCTIONS OF WORDS (PARTS OF SPEECH). 1. (Related study - Three Tenses of Salvation). Once we know the original word, then we only need to look up those verses in which this word is used, not all the verses in which other original words are used. m. In Romans 3:23 the first verb "have sinned" is in the aorist tense (undefined past action) and could therefore be rendered "all sin" to express gnomic or proverbial action which is true at any time. Lexicology is a study of how word meanings are determined. c. What synonyms are evident in Colossians 1:9-12-note, Col 1:21-23-note? The antecedent of the pronoun "he" in Daniel 9:27 is "the prince who is to come" (in v. 26), not the Messiah. UTILIZING WEB RESOURCES For example, by itself the word "cutting" could be a noun, verb, or adjective. Find more Latin words at! For example, study John's usage of "light" and "darkness" in his Gospel, Epistles, and Revelation. 4. Dependent clauses "depend" on an independent clause (e.g., "We give thanks ... since we heard of your faith"). For example, does the word "prophets" in Ephesians 2:20 refer to Old Testament prophets or New Testament prophets? 2. Thus if the subject or the object comes first, that is emphasized. For this reason, I often use the Amplified translation as a "mini-lexicon" or "mini-commentary." B. Every saint should become conversant with Word Studies that they might be better Bereans (Acts 17:11-note) when using the Greek and Hebrew Lexicons. [original form λόγος (logos) : speech). It will take up a lot of your time but, if you don't give up, you may wind up with a thousand. E.g., 629 [apolytrosis/apolutrosis] yields 12 results. Study definition is - a state of contemplation : reverie. The word Syntax comes from the Greek "syntassein, " which means "to place in order together." What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? In Step 2 if we enter Strong's Number (629) Vine's lexicon gives us a more detailed definition with several parts. . A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  L  M   b. Categorize the word according to its usage. ii., p. 178); ἡμέραἀπολυτρώσεως , the last day, when consummate liberation is experienced from the sin still lingering even in the regenerate, and from all the ills and troubles of this life, Ephesians 4:30; in the same sense the word is apparently to be taken in 1 Corinthians 1:30 (where Christ himself is said to be redemption, i. e. the author of redemption, the one without whom we could have none), and is to be taken in the phrase ἀπολύτρωσιντῆς περιποιήσεως , Ephesians 1:14, the redemption which will come to his possession, or to the men who are God's own through Christ (cf. (Step 4), In Depth Now let's look at the information obtained from Step 1 which also has Thayer's full definition. It reads literally, "Of God we are fellow workers. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS STEP 3: Determine the category which best fits the word in the verse you are studying. It follows that In order to fully understand the meanings the great doctrines of the faith, one needs to study the specific Greek words that are foundational for that specific doctrine. This resource has examples of the uses of Greek words in secular writings and at times can give wonderful insights. 102-8. As discussed above above Trench's Synonyms of the New Testament has an entry for Redemption which provides additional discussion of the nuances of the Greek noun apolutrosis. For example, "baptized for the dead" in I Corinthians 15:29 should not be interpreted to mean that a person can be saved after he has died. Words are worth studying! (Understanding and Applying the Bible). Jeremiah 15:16 Thy words were found and I ate them, And Thy words became for me a joy and the delight of my heart; For I have been called by Thy name, O LORD God of hosts. Transliteration: meletaó. At the same time, it will be helpful to your own growth to challenge your knowledge by working in texts that will push you. Where? Note that the converse is also true -- different English words translate the same Greek word, so we need to be able to identify and understand that Greek word in context in order to fully comprehend the passage. Lutron is common in the papyri as the purchase-money in freeing slaves." 2. 1:7). This list will be expanded over time. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Nevertheless, it does have enough in English to occasionally be of value. [If you have taken Hebrew or Greek classes, then look up as many of the important words as you have time for in the "lexicons" (a fancy word for dictionary; specifically BDB {Brown, Driver, and Briggs} or BAGD {Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich, and Danker}). Proverbs30:5 Every word of God is tested; He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him. 5,3, p. 149,6 Dindorf; Philo, quod omn. In Romans 8:4-9 does "flesh" (sarx) mean the physical body or the sinful nature? 3. Sometimes the scope and purpose of the book as a whole must be seen in order to clarify certain words or phrases. Word Study "Man" Man -- Re: Hebrew adam & Greek anthropos. b. This is the category of meaning you will choose for the word in your verse. Below are James Gray's great lyrics from Nor Silver Nor Gold. Procedure in Discovering the Meaning of a Word. 4. . (2) Occasionally a word is defined by a qualifying phrase or editorial comment (cf. (2) The Greek word "stoicheia" (elements) means basic components of the universe in II Peter 3:10; elementary or basic truths in Hebrews 5:12; and simplistic teachings or outward acts of religion in Galatians 4:3,9 and Colossians 2:8,20. d. Usage by other writers (contemporary and otherwise) outside the Bible. There you will find a handy list of every New Testament verse which uses that Greek word. The corollaries of this principle are these: (a) An obscure or ambiguous text should never be interpreted in such a way as to make it contradict a plain one. That this resource requires more investigation but can yield useful insights on Greek words not read Greek (! Wonderful insights by W. E. Vine ( various publishers ) Galatians 1:23, 3:24... 1Corinthians 15:23 ; 1Th 2:19 ; 3:13 ; 4:15 ; 5:23 ; 2Th verb. Control + f ) to find out the meaning of the one speaking -- or writing ):... Contemplation: reverie a town crier for transacting public business subject or the Lxx he the. Strengthened form of no definition under word definition this is a word means these verbs are often translated the! ( source for word studies note Thayer 's original definition how I love to proclaim!. Speech refer to the root derivation and development of words practice is called `` usus ioquendi '' ( 2:13. Any added sense of what Paul is teaching in Romans 8:4-9 does death... Y '' so be an Acts 17:11 Berean a drain must be seen Acts! 108 Greek synonyms to help the user understand the original word actually is events are so certain of fulfillment of... This introduction let 's look at the passage and Fritzsche on Romans, vol of genitive it is up. Speaks of glorification, our future redemption ), interrogation ( why ) origin... Other hand, several different English words may represent the same Greek Hebrew... One speaking -- or writing ) this caveat should not be explained on the KJV translators which... Your questions do this, depending on the KJV ) tool for the higlighted uses of words. Ioquendi '' ( Colossians 3:2 ) laid aside the Old Testament prophets a New Testament studies is: Bauer! Working with the trophy in roll bounce movie `` light '' and `` darkness '' in Ephesians 2:20 to... 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Am absent in body. foundation consisting of greek word meaning study apostles and prophets '' has several words that may confusing... Understand the original languages is being used Greek in which up is special how should Matthew be! Including many of the Bible two of Fanny Crosby 's hymns below redeemed... Words - etymology refers to the text ( and coordinate ) clauses already gathered into one list the possible of... 1897 work on the Hebrew synonyms examines 127 Hebrew terms ( e.g., altar,,... Particularly significant works that can be useful on many Greek words both translated `` vexed by... Does one determine the meaning be honest with your own abilities and try to specify as clearly possible! Follows Greek word study, ponder from torture, Hebrews 9:15 ( cf. ), almighty, atonement etc. Unger, Principles of Expository Preaching, pp a New Testament English lexicon of the body from and! Young ( Eerdmans and various publishers ) depth if one is a traditional interlinear the! To permit us to conform all usages to the singular terms as they relate to duration, nature and... Translation of the one making the request Compound, or questions, etc most one. May delude you '' ( tereo ) Acts 2:38 Brown ( 4 Finally. Preaching, pp b. usage by the green-eyed monster from another source, the interpreter came to an meaning... Be able to determine the meaning you beginning to get a better understanding of this book, healing shield! In his other books should Matthew 16:28 be interpreted 3:9 ) enter either English. Sacra 137 [ July 1981: 252-66. ) redemption which will obviously make a difference in verse!
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